How do countries adapt VET Strategies?

Adapting a VET programme to your organization in itself seems like a giant challenge to tackle if you wish to have employees or students get ready for the workplace with applicable skills and knowledge.

The dimension of this challenge is even bigger, when it comes to creating meaningful initiatives for countries themselves. In today’s article we’ll see, how a few countries tackle the challenge and provide education for future technicians, artisans and more.

United States

Consisting of 51 different states with their own laws the United States’ vocational education and training strategy needs to unify the country’s best efforts.

The overarching system focuses on a post-secondary programme, where proprietary career institutions provide the necessary vocational structure. Besides the institutions, two-year community colleges also offer courses transferable to four-year universities. The VET system is also supported by the military, or government-operated adult education centers.

With regards to financial outcomes, those who hold a vocational education degree usually earn less in the long term than those with a bachelor’s degree, even though some certificates prove to be more lucrative than B.A.s

Historically the VET education is in a decline, due to several factors. One being the shipment of work to lower-priced economies such as South-East Asia, where technical knowledge is abundant, but the workforce is cheaper to work with.

United Kingdom

With the first VET school opening in 1907, the United Kingdom is a pioneer, when it comes to building educational system, directly serving the workforce market.

With well-defined levels for higher engineering-technician positions, England’s strategy is to make apprenticeships a “mainstream” part of the education system.

The four levels of expertise are as follows:

  • 1 – Intermediate-level apprenticeships
  • 2 – Advanced-level apprenticeships
  • 3 – Higher apprenticeships
  • 4 – Degree and professional apprenticeships

The difference between the levels includes skills, knowledge and years spent in practice.

With many active strategies still being implemented such as the: Youth Training SchemeNational Vocational Qualifications and General National Vocational Qualifications, the UK is actively involved in creating an inclusive education system around technical expertise and knowledge.


Vocational education is a popular institution in Germany, who apply their own German model to making it happen. With the so called “Berufsausbildungsgesetz” passed in 1969, Germany regulates a unified vocational training system that includes such stakeholders as the state, unions and associations. With the well-working system, in 2001 over 60% of young people under the age of 22 began apprenticeships, with 78% of them completing it. A third of the companies offering apprenticeships is the result of compulsory regulations that require corporations to involve young people in the vocation.